Updated jan Pije’s lessons/Lesson 15 The Body

Muggles' Guide to Harry Potter/Characters/Auntie Muriel

Vocabulary

ko – semi-solid substance (glue, powder, and so forth.)

kute – to listen to

linja – line, hair

luka – arm, hand

lupa – gap, orifice, door, window

nena – bump, hill, extrusion

noka – leg, foot

oko – eye

palisa – rod, stick, pointy factor

selo – pores and skin, exterior floor of one thing

sijelo – physique

sike – circle, ball

sinpin – wall, chest

uta – mouth

Physique Elements

All of the phrases that you simply see above within the vocabulary listing are used to make the title of a physique half. Nevertheless, a few of the phrases produce other makes use of as effectively.

oko – eye

nena – kute ear

nena – kon nostril

uta – mouth

ijo uta – walo enamel

linja lawa – hair (of head)

lawa – head

anpa lawa – neck (backside of head)

luka – hand, arm

len luka – gloves, mittens

poka – hip

noka – leg, foot

len noka – shoe, pants

sinpin – chest, stomach, face

nena sike meli – feminine breasts

lupa meli – vagina

palisa mije – penis

sike mije – man’s testicles

monsi – an individual’s again

selo – pores and skin


Physique Elements

All of the phrases that you simply see above within the vocabulary listing are used to make the title of a physique half. Nevertheless, a few of the phrases produce other makes use of as effectively. So, I’ve made this useful chart. Elements of the physique which might be expressed in Toki Pona have a quantity labeling them. When you get a quantity, go to the desk under the chart. There, you’ll be able to discover ways to say the title of that physique half and in addition be taught concerning the different makes use of of the phrases which can be used to make the title of that physique half.

(Lacking Image)

Physique components
quantity description
1 oko means eye in Toki Pona. In contrast to a lot of the different phrases, it would not actually have another makes use of.
2 To say nostril in Toki Pona, you’d normally say nena. Nevertheless, the phrase nena really means any sort of extrusion; it might imply a hill, for instance. It is also used for a number of different physique components. If you want to specify, you’ll be able to say nena kon (as a result of your nostril is what detects smells within the air, in spite of everything).
3 To say mouth, you employ uta. This phrase can be used to say enamel: ijo uta walo, which accurately means “white mouth issues”.
4 The final phrase for hair is linja. If you wish to specify the hair in your head, say linja lawa (“hair (of) head”). — linja can even imply any sort of linear factor, not simply hair; so watch out for that.
5 Along with that means to steer such as you’ve discovered in earlier classes, lawa can be used to imply head.
6 The closest that we are able to come to saying neck in Toki Pona is with anpa lawa, which really means “backside (of) head”. Hehe.
7 luka is used to imply each hand and arm. There is not a option to specify which of the 2 you imply. That is simply one other a type of nuisances of Toki Pona. You can even use this phrase to make a phrase for mittens or gloves: len luka, (“hand clothes”).
8 You’ve got already discovered the phrase for hip, however I simply figured I might level it out once more since it is a lesson on the physique. The phrase is poka, and you’ve got already studied its different makes use of.
9 Much like luka, noka means each leg and foot. — You may mix it with len, too. len noka usually is used to imply shoe, however it might additionally imply pants or another sort of clothes for the legs or toes.
10 The phrase for the chest and stomach is sinpin. It really was extra meant to imply entrance or wall, however the chest and stomach are on the entrance of the physique, in spite of everything, and are considered being a giant floor, like a wall. Sometimes, sinpin can be used to imply an individual’s face.

Two different explicit physique components which you could find on a feminine’s sinpin are the nena sike, which really means “round extrusions”. You would possibly need to add meli to the top of this phrase in the event you assume there could be some confusion.

11 These physique components range relying on whether or not the particular person is male or feminine. To say “penis”, we use palisa. In actual fact, palisa is used for any object that’s lengthy and pointy-like, similar to a stick from a tree. A person’s testicles could be known as sike. Relying on the scenario and context, you might want so as to add mije to the top of every of those phrases to make it possible for there isn’t a confusion. In case you’re speaking a few feminine’s components, we merely use lupa. lupa can denote any sort of gap or opening, similar to a door or window. As soon as once more, relying on context, you would possibly need to add meli to the top of lupa for readability.
12 To say ear in Toki Pona, we are saying nena kute, which suggests “extrusion (of) listening to”. In spite of everything, the ear actually does extrude from the remainder of the pinnacle, and it is used to listen to issues, in fact!

kute may also be used a verb:
mi kute e toki sina. — I hear your speaking. I hear what you are saying.
mi kute e kalama musi. — I am listening to music.

Additionally, for the reason that image was of the entrance of the physique, I could not give an arrow for the again, clearly. Simply keep in mind that monsi is used to indicate an individual’s again.

There is no manner I may put an arrow on the particular person’s pores and skin, as a result of it will merely look misplaced. At any fee, selo is used to imply pores and skin. It may additionally imply the bark of a tree or another sort of exterior overlaying of one thing.

Bodily Fluids and Wastes

Physique fluids
title description
telo walo mije That is the fluid {that a} man releases throughout unpa. In case you have an excellent context, and it is apparent what you are speaking about, you would drop walo and/or mije, leaving simply telo.
telo jelo This phrase is used to imply urine. It really means “yellow fluid”. Here’s a frequent sentence utilizing telo jelo:

mi pana e telo jelo. — I launched the yellow fluid. I peed.

ko jaki This phrase is used to imply feces.

mi pana e ko jaki. — I crapped.
ko isn’t used very a lot in any respect, besides to say ko jaki. Nevertheless, you’ll be able to say “porridge” by saying ko moku.

telo sijelo loje This phrase really means crimson bodily fluid, and it is used to imply blood.

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Attempt translating these sentences from English to Toki Pona.


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