Na’vi/English–Na’vi dictionary/Print version – Wikibooks, open books for an open world

Muggles' Guide to Harry Potter/Characters/Auntie Muriel

Naʼvi is a constructed language, created for the fictional Naʼvi, the humanoid inhabitants of the moon Pandora within the 2009 movie Avatar. It was designed by Paul Frommer, a professor on the Marshall Faculty of Enterprise with a doctorate in linguistics, to suit movie director James Cameron’s conception of what the language ought to sound like within the movie, to be realistically learnable by the fictional human characters of the movie, and to be pronounceable by the actual actors, however to not intently resemble any human language.

When the movie was launched in 2009, Naʼvi had a rising vocabulary of a few thousand phrases, however understanding of its grammar was restricted to Frommer.[1] The objective of this e-book is to make what is thought of Naʼvi grammar accessible to followers who’re making an attempt to be taught the language.


This vocabulary is an easy checklist of the English glosses within the Naʼvi–English dictionary.

A number of senses of phrases, which are sometimes ambiguous in English however not in Naʼvi, could also be distinguished as (n) noun, (v) verb, (adj) adjective, (adv) adverb, (trans) transitive, (intrans) intransitive. A couple of Terran animals are given approximate Pandoran equivalents. Exclamations which can’t be simply translated are listed on the finish. Pressured syllables are daring.


abandon: txìng
ready: tsusolar. give you the option: tsun
about: regarding: teri, -ìri. about to: ‹ìy›.
above: io. from above: taʼem.
throughout: ka
motion: kem
add: sung
afar: alìm
afraid: be afraid: txopu si
after (time) maw. afterwards: mawkrr. proper after: pximaw.
afternoon: haʼngir, (late) kaym
once more: mun
in opposition to, counter to: wä+
aged: koak
in the past: only a second in the past: pxiswawam. Thursday two weeks in the past: mesrrmrrvam.
agree: mllte
settlement: come to an settlement: molte
goal: (v) kan. (n) kan.
air: ya
alala!: ìley!
alien: (n) ketuwong. (adj) kewong.
alike: teng
alive: rusey. be alive: rey.
all: all of (it, you, them): wotx. on a regular basis / always: frakrr. in no way: ke … kawʼit.
enable: tung
nearly: stum
alone (of an individual) ʼawtu
alongside: ì+, ìlä+
additionally: kop, nìteng
though: hufwa
at all times: frakrr
am: lu
wonderful (be wonderful) wou (slang)
amongst: kip
quantity: hìmtxan. (small) ʼit.
ancestor: pizayu
and: (between phrases) . (between clauses) ulte. and also you?: nga tut?
anger: (v) steyki. (n) sti.
offended: be offended: sti. angrily: sti.
animal: ioang
one other one: lapo
reply: (v) ʼeyng, ting tìʼeyngit. (n) ʼeyng. in reply: ʼeyng.
aside, divided: keʼaw
apologize: tsapʼalute si
apology: tsapʼalute
apparently: tatlam
seem: lam
look (look) lam
appetizing: pxasul
method: lok
are: lu. aren’t they?: kefya srak? kefyak?
arm: pxun. (pair of) arms: mepun.
round (spatial) pxaw
arrival: hem
arrive: hem, pate
arrow: swizaw
artwork: tseo. (visible) reltseo.
? artifact: ngop
artist (visible) reltseotu
as (like) na, pxel, nì-. (the identical manner as) tengfya. (as for) -ìri.
apart: step/transfer apart: (give manner) tìng tseng. (transfer) rikx.
ask: pawm
ass (rear finish) txìm
help: srung si
help: srung
at: ro+
assault (v) ʼeko
try (v) fmi
consideration: listen: eltu si
auspicious: etrìp
avatar: uniltìrantokx
await: pey
awake: txen
conscious: bear in mind, be in tune: kame
away: (path) neto. (place) so.


child: prrnen
again: (of physique) txal. (rear half) pxì. (path) neʼìm. (in response) ʼeyng. come again, return, return: txaw. transfer again, step apart: rikx. to again down: tìng tseng
dangerous (adj) kawng
badge: tsì
stability of life: reyʼeng
ball: rum
banshee (flying mount) ikran
barricade, barrier: ekxan
bat (animal, approx.) riti
bathe (wash oneself) pur
battle group: wempongu
courageous: tstew
be (am, is, are): lu. be at, occupy an area: tok.
beat (n) ʼekong
lovely: (of individuals) sevin. (of issues; nice to the senses) lor
magnificence (of issues) lor
as a result of: (for that purpose) taluna (talun), alunta. (because of that trigger) taweyka (taweyk), aweykta. due to that: tafral.
grow to be: slu
earlier than: (time) sre+. (beforehand) srekrr. (in entrance of) eo. simply earlier than, proper earlier than (time) pxisre+.
start: (intrans.) sngäʼi. (start one thing) sngeyʼi.
starting: sngäʼikrr
behind: uo. go away behind: txìng.
consider: spaw
beloved (adj.) yawne. (beloved one) yawnetu, yawntu
beneath: äo
finest: (adj) swey. (adv) swey.
betray: kavuk si
betrayal: kavuk
between: kam
huge (in measurement or stature) tsawl. get huge (develop): tsawl slu.
bind: yìm
chook: yayo
bit: a bit: (n) ʼit. (adv) ʼit.
chew: frìp
bitter: syäʼä
black: layon
bless: be blessed: Nawma Saʼnok lrrtok si [with dative]
blind: kakrel
blood: reypay
bloom, blossom (v) ʼong
blow, strike (n) takuk
blue, inexperienced: ean. in blue: ean.
physique: tokx
bond: (neural connection) tsaheylu. (set up a neural connection) tsaheyl si.
e-book: puk
growth! (sound of thunder) kxangangang
border: pxawpa
backside: kllpa
bow (weapon) tsko. bow and arrow: tsko swizaw.
mind: eltu
brainworm (hallucinogenic) eltungawng
department (of a tree) vul
courageous: tstew. courageous particular person, hero: txantstew.
bread (approx.) tsyosyu
temporary (adj) yol
convey: (take to a spot) munge. (convey right here) zamunge.
damaged: fwel
brother: (sibling) tsmuk, tsmuktu. (male) tsmukan.
bud (n) prrnesyul
bug: ʼang
construct (v) txula
constructing (a factor constructed): txula
bulk (the foremost half) txampxì
bull (approx.) talioang
burn (v) nekx
however: (primary sense) slä. (nevertheless) ngian. (besides) mungwrr, -mungwrr.
butt (rear finish) txìm
by, alongside: ì+, ìlä+


name (v) syaw
calm: mawey. calmly: nìmwey.
camp: (n) ʼawm. (v) ʼawm si.
tenting: ʼawm
can, give you the option: tsun
captive: speʼetu
seize: speʼe
cautious: watch out: nari si
carry, convey: munge
case: in that case: ha
catch (v) stäʼ
cattle (approx.) talioang
trigger: (purpose, supply) oeyk. (produce) sleyku.
ceaselessly: nìlkeftang
celebration: ftxo
middle (n) kxamtseng
ceremonious: ʼeoio. ceremoniously: ʼeoio.
sure: regulation
problem (ceremonial) fpeio
likelihood, alternative: skxom
change (intransitive) latem. (change one thing) leykatem.
cost: (operating assault) kxll. (to assault) kxll si. be in cost, be accountable: kllfroʼ.
chase (v) fewi
chat: (v) pängkxo. (n) tìpängkxo
test (v) steftxaw
little one: ʼeveng. (child) ʼevi.
chin: tsuksìm
alternative: ftxey
select: ftxey
circumference: pxawpa
clan: oloʼ
clan chief: oloʼeyktan
clear: laro
clear, sure: regulation
clearly: regulation, nìfyaʼo aregulation
intelligent: (particular person) kanu. (thought, plan) sìlronsem.
cliff: ʼawkx
shut (v) tstu si
shut (adj): (be near) lok. (shut by) asim.
closed: tstu
membership (weapon) txewk
chilly: wew. I really feel chilly: oe ʼefu wew.
colleague: lertu
colour: ʼopin
come: zaʼu. come again, return: txaw.
widespread: (peculiar) letrrtrr.
commune: tireapängkxo
comparatively: to
full: ʼänsyem
utterly: wotx
comprehension tslam
pc: eltu lefngap
regarding: teri, -ìri
conclude (finish) ʼiʼa
conclusion (finish) ʼiʼa
congratulations!: aylrrtok ngaru
join with (set up a neural connection) tsaheyl si
connection (neural) tsaheylu
always: nìlkeftang, tut
assemble (v) txula
development: txula (exercise or object)
devour: nekx
regularly: tut, nìlkeftang
continuation: tut
dialog: tìpängkxo
converse: pängkxo
convey, take: munge
prepare dinner (v) ʼem
twine (chord? musical?) telem
right (adj) eyawr
correctness: yawr
counter to, in opposition to: wä+
cowl, lid: lew. to cowl: lew si.
cow (approx.) talioang
loopy, insane: lekyeʼung
create: ngop
creation: ngop
creator: ngopyu
creature: swi
crossbow: tskalep
cry (weep) tsngawvìk
cup (n) tsngal
minimize (v) munʼi


daddy: sempu
day by day: (adv) fratrr. (adj) letrr.
dance (v) srew
hazard: hrrap
harmful: lehrrap
darkish: vawm
darkness: vawm
daughter: ʼite
daybreak (nautical twilight, sufficient mild to navigate) trrʼong. (simply earlier than daybreak, astronomical twilight, stars disappearing) sresrrʼong. (simply after daybreak, civil twilight, vibrant sufficient to work) trrʼongmaw.
day: trr. Good day!: trr lefpom.
useless (adj) kerusey
dying: (Dying, summary) terkup. (of a person) kxitx.
resolve: peʼun
resolution: peʼun
deed (n) kem
defeat: be defeated (fall) zup
deer (approx.) yerik
defend: zong
scrumptious: lor
demon: vrrtep
depart: hum
descend: kll
destroy: skaʼa
destruction: tìskaʼa
die: terkup
distinction: keteng
completely different: keteng
dig up: kllkulat
dim-witted: snumìna
dinner: wutso
dip into liquid: (n) yemfpay. (v) yemfpay si.
direhorse: paʼli
soiled: tsewtx
uncover: run
talk about: pängkxo
dialogue: tìpängkxo
distant: (be distant) lìm. (at a distance) alìm.
dive (v) tawng
divided: keʼaw
do: si. (suffice) tam. ‘that may do’: tam tam.
physician (title) toktor
canine (approx.) nantang
finished: hasey
do not!: ʼä
dozen: vosìng. two dozen (octal: 30) pxevol
down: downward: nekll. ‘Get down!’: ne kllte!. ‘You are happening!’: ngekxetse lu oeru!
dragon (approx.) toruk
draw: (illustrate) weyn. (pull) zaʼärìp.
dream (n) unil
Dream Hunt: Uniltaron
dreamwalker: uniltìranyu
drink (v) näk
drive out: kurakx
drop: (v.trans) tungzup. (fall) zup.
drum (manufactured from pores and skin) au
dry: ukxo
boring (of a blade) tete
dunk: (n) yemfpay. (v) yemfpay si.
throughout: krr a, a krr, and so forth.
nightfall (nautical twilight, sufficient mild to navigate) txonʼong. (simply earlier than nightfall, civil twilight, nonetheless sufficient mild to work) sretonʼong. (simply after nightfall, astronomical twilight, stars showing) txonʼongmaw.
dwell: kelku si


ear: mikyun. (pair of) ears: memikyun.
Earth: ʼRrta. Earth Day: Trr ʼRrtayä.
simply: ftue
simple: ftue
eat: yom
edge (perimeter) pxawpa
eh?: ko
eight (octal: 10) vol. (human digit ‘8’) ʼeyt.
eighteen (octal: 22) mevomun
eighteenth (quantity eighteen) mevomuve
eighth (quantity eight) volve
eighty (actual; octal: 120) zam mevol.
both: both A or B: A, B, ke tsranten.
elbow: pxuntil
eleven (octal: 13) vopey
eleventh (quantity eleven) vopeyve
else: or else: txokefyaw. another person, one thing else: lapo.
encounter (v) ultxarun
finish: (v) ʼiʼa. (n) ʼiʼa.
ending: ʼiʼa
enemy: kxutu
English: ʼÌnglìsì. in English:ʼÌnglìsì.
gratifying: mowan. (of an exercise) prrteʼ.
sufficient: (adj) letam. (after an adjective) tam. (be sufficient) tam.
enter: fpxäkìm
equal: teng
erect: pxim. (sit) erectly: pxim.
error: (mistake) kxeyey. (incorrectness) kxey.
particularly: pxi
even: (degree) ʼengeng. (adv) keng. not even as soon as: ke keng ʼawlo. [stress?] even so: tsalsungay.
night: (nightfall) txonʼong. (late afternoon) kaym.
each: fra-. each day: fratrr. each night time: fratxon. everybody: frapo. the whole lot: fraʼu. in every single place: fratseng. each time: fralo.
on a regular basis, peculiar: letrrtrr
evil (adj) kawng. (n) kawng.
study, test: steftxaw
instance (n) kenong. be an instance: kenong.
wonderful: txantsan
besides: mungwrr
extra (overabundance) hawng
extreme: lehawng. excessively: hawng.
train, apply (n) tskxekeng
clarify, clarify why: oeyktìng
rationalization: tìoeyktìng
explode: pxor
expression (phrase) lìʼfyavi
eye: nari. eyes (2, of particular person) menari, (4, of horse, banshee) aynari.


face: key
truthful: muiä
fall (v) zup
false: tsleng
household: soaia
far: (be far) lìm. (distant) alìm.
fascinating (be fascinating) wou (slang)
quick: (fast) win. (shortly) win.
fasten: yän
destiny: syay
father: sempul
favorable: etrìp
worry: (n) txopu. (v) txopu si.
feed: yomtìng
really feel: ʼefu
feeling: ʼefu
feminine (particular person) tute
few: hol
discipline (open terrain) txayo
fifteen (octal: 17) vohin
fifteenth (quantity fifteen) vohellove
fifth (quantity 5) mrrve
fifty (actual; octal: 62) puvolmune, (approx.) puvol
combat (n) wem
fill (v) teya si
closing: syen
discover (v) run
finger: zek
completed: hasey
fireplace: txep
first: ʼawve, nìʼawve
fish (n) payoang
5: mrr. 5 hundred (approx.) vozam. 5 thousand (approx.) zazam. [stress?]
flesh: vey
floating mountains: iknimaya
flour: tsyo
flower: syulang. (blue sp.) seze.
fly (v) tswayon
foe: kxutu
comply with: (proceed after) nong. (monitor) sutx. (journey alongside) kä/zaʼu ìlä.
meals: syuve. (vegetable) fkxen. (animal) vey. (meat) tsngan. (from flour) tsyosyu.
foot: venu. (pair of) ft: mevenu.
for (for the sake of) fpi+
forbidden: kxa
forest: naʼrìng
ceaselessly: (till the tip of time) ʼiʼavay krrä. (incessantly) nìlkeftang.
neglect: tswaʼ
forgive: forgive me: ngaytxoa
forgiveness: txoa
formal: skepek
former: spuwin
lucky: be lucky: Nawma Saʼnok lrrtok si [with dative]
fortune: aylrrtok (from Eywa)
forty (actual; octal: 50) mrrvol
foul (style or odor) väʼ. (do incorrect) kxey si
4: tsìng. 4 hundred (approx.) puzam. 4 thousand (approx.) zazam.
fourteen (octal: 16) vofu
fourteenth (quantity fourteen) vofuve
fourth (quantity 4) tsìve
freckle (bioluminescent) tan
contemporary (interesting as meals) pxasul
Friday (Earth calendar) trrpuve
good friend: ʼeylan
friendship: ʼeylan
from: ta. (path) ftu. from above: taʼem. from amongst: takip. from up amongst: tafkip.
entrance (half or part) zapxì. in entrance of: eo.
full: teya
fungus: spxam
humorous (odd) helloyìk
future: zunoticedkrr


sport: uvan
rubbish: sngel. rubbish dump: sngeltseng.
get: (obtain) tel. (perceive) tslam. Bought it!: tslolam.
give: tìng. give manner: tìng tseng.
glad: be glad teya si [with dative]
go: (transfer) . (go on, proceed) salew. go after, comply with: nong. go down: kll. go in: fpxäkìm. go close to: lok.
objective (goal) kan
God (Gaea): Eywa, Nawma Saʼnok
good: sìltsan. (interesting as meals) pxasul.
goodbye: (farewell) Eywa ngahu. (see you quickly) kìyevame
good night time (sleep properly) hellovahaw nìmwey.
Bought it!: tslolam
seize: niä
grant (v) teswotìng
grassroots motion: ngrrpongu
nice (noble) nawm. (in amount) txan. nice particular person: nawmtu.
Nice Leonopteryx (animal like a big banshee) toruk
greed: txanew
grasping: txanew
inexperienced, blue: ean. in inexperienced: ean
grok: kame
floor: kllte
group: (of individuals) pongu. (battle group) wempongu.
develop: tsawl slu
visitor: frrtu
steerage: tìfyawìntxu
information: fyawìntxu
guideline, rule: koren
gunship: kunsìp


hair: nikre (aynikre ?)
Hallelujah Mountains: iknimaya
halt (v) txey
Hammerhead Titanothere (animal like a rhino) ʼangtsìk
hand: tsyokx. (pair of) arms: mesyokx.
occur: len
happiness, peace: fpom; aylrrtok (from Eywa)
completely satisfied (of events) lefpom. (of individuals) nitram. be completely satisfied: ʼefu nitram. completely satisfied (celebration) aylrrtok [with dative]
arduous: txaʼ
hurt (n) kxu
innocent: kxuke
harmonious: meʼem
concord: meʼem. (with nature) meoauniaea.
hateful: fkay
have: lu [with dative]
he: po, poan
head: reʼo
well being (bodily) fpomtokx
wholesome: lefpomtokx
hear: stawm
coronary heart: txeʼlan. with all one’s coronary heart: ftxavang.
heavy (weight) kuʼup
heed: lek
Hellfire Wasp: zizeʼ
hi there: kaltxì
assist: (n) srung. (v) srung si.
her: (gen) pe. (acc) pot, poti. (dat) por, poru. (after prep.) po.
right here: tsenge, fìtseng [syll?]
hero: txantstew
Hexapede (animal like a deer) yerik
hey! (anger, annoyance) oìsss! (menace) saa! (warning, frustration) tsahey!, wiya!
excessive: kxayl
him: (acc) pot, poti. (dat) por, poru. (after prep.) po.
hinge: til
his: pe
hit, strike (v) takuk
maintain off (droop motion) fpak
dwelling: kelku
Hometree: Kelutral [stress?]
honor (n) meuia
hookah gourd: txllʼu [stress?]
hope (v) sìlpey
horse (approx.) paʼli
sizzling: som. (to really feel that one is sizzling) ʼefu som.
home: kelku
how?: pefya?, fyape?
what number of?: polpxay?, holpxaype?
how a lot?: pìmtxan? hìmtxampe?
nevertheless: ngian
howl (n) ngumanner
human (n) tawtute
hundred: (actual, octal: 144) zam tsìvosìng. (approx.) zam fu mezam. 200 (approx.) : pxezam. 5 hundred (approx.) vozam
starvation: tìohakx
hungry: ohakx. be hungry: ʼefu ohakx
hunt: (v) taron. (n) taron.
hunter: taronyu
hurry (be in a rush) winpi
harm: (be painful) sraw si. (harm somebody or one thing) sraw seyki.


I: oe (we when inflected). (deferential and ceremonial kind) ohe.
thought: fpìl
fool: skxawng
if: txo. if not: txokefyaw.
sickness: (illness) spxin. (state of being unwell) spxin.
picture (n) rel
instantly: (proper now) pxiset. (very quickly) pxiyeʼrìn
immerse: yemfpay si
immersion: yemfpay
vital: letsranten. be vital: tsranten.
unimaginable: keltsun
in: mì+
incessantly: nìlkeftang
incorrect: keyawr
incorrectness: kxey
particular person (n) ʼawpo
individuality (destructive connotation) ʼawpo
toddler: prrnen
inharmonious, divided: keʼaw
insane: lekyeʼung
madness: keyeʼung
insect (approx.) ʼang
inside: fa, fa
occasion: alo
as a substitute of: tup
instruct: nume si
instruction: nume
insult (n) zoplo
intelligence: kanu. (understanding) tslam.
clever: kanu. intelligently: kanu.
fascinating (be fascinating) eltur tìtxen si
interpret: ralpeng
into (path) nemfa
intriguing (be intriguing) eltur tìtxen si
invention: ngop
is: lu. is not it? is not that so?: kefya srak? kefyak?
it: (animate) po. (inanimate) tsaʼu ~ tsaw.
itch (v) fkxake
its: (animate) pe. (inanimate) tse.


jellyfish (aerial, approx) fpxafaw
be a part of two issues collectively: ʼawstengyem
joint (n) til
journey: sop
joyous (of occassions) lefpom
soar (v) spä
simply: (truthful, justified) muiä. (solely) ʼaw. simply earlier than: pxisre. simply after: pximaw. simply now, only a second in the past: ‹ìm›, pxiswawam. in only a second: ‹ìy›, pxiswaway.


sustain with somebody: latsi
child (n) ʼevi
kill: (v) tspang. (n) tspang
form: (n) fnel. what form? fnepe, pefnel
kiss (v) pom
knee: kinamtil
knife: tstal
know: omum; regulation lu [with dative]. as is thought, as you realize: nìawnomum.


lake: ʼora
land (n) atxkxe
language: lìʼfya
massive: apxa
larva, larvae (sp. beetle larva used for meals) teylu
final: (closing) syen. (earlier) ham. final time: alo aham. final night time: txonam. final Thursday (Thursday of final week) trrmrrvam.
chuckle (n) dangleham
lead (v) eyk
chief: eyktan. chief of clan: oloʼeyktan
leaf: rìk
leafy: lerìk
lean (v) tuvon
be taught: nume
go away: (go away) hum. (abandon) txìng.
left (aspect, path) ftär
leg: kinam
Leonopteryx (animal like a big banshee) toruk
lesson: numvi
lest: fteke
let go: lonu
Let’s …!: … ko
degree, even: ʼengeng
lid: lew
life (summary) rey. (residing) tìrusey. stability of life: reyʼeng.
mild (n) atan
mild (adj), light-weight: syo
like (as) na, pxel, nì-. (the identical manner as) tengfya. like this: fya. like that: tsafya.
likewise: teng
lip: seyri
liquid: pay
pay attention: tìng mikyun (pron. “tìm mikyun”)
little (adj) ʼi. slightly: ʼit, nìʼit.
stay (be alive) rey. (dwell) kelku si.
residing: (alive) rusey. (being alive) tìrusey. residing factor: rusey.
location: klltseng
lock up: sutx
lengthy: (size) ngim. (time) txan.
look (v) tìng nari (pron. “tìn nari”). have a look at: nìn. search for: fwew. appear like: lam. (n) lam
lose: lose monitor of: tatep. lose oneself (religious sense) ʼia.
loud: wok
love: (n) yawn. (v) lu yawne [with dative]. I like you: nga yawne lu oer.
beloved (adj) yawne. beloved one: yawnetu, yawntu
low: tìm
lung: tso. (pair of) lungs: meso.


majority: txampxì
make: (do) si. (create) ngop. (construct) txula.
male (particular person) tutan
method: fyaʼo. in a (sure) method: fyaʼo.
mantis (approx.) fwä
many: pxay
marriage: tìmuntxa
marry: muntxa si
mate (v) muntxa si
mated: muntxa
mating (n) tìmuntxa
matriarch: tsahìk
matter: (topic) txele. (be vital) tsranten.
could, be attainable: tsunslu
perhaps: kxawm
me: (acc) oeti (weti). (dat) oeru, oer (weru, wer). (after prep.) oe.
meadow: txayo
meal (served) wutso
which means: ral
meantime: within the meantime: tsakrrvay
in the meantime (till then) tsakrrvay
meat: tsngan
medusa (approx. a big aerial jellyfish) fpxafaw
meet: (by likelihood) ultxarun. have a gathering: ultxa si.
assembly: ultxa. have a gathering: ultxa si.
reminiscence, remembrance: ʼok
mess up: kxey si
message: ʼupxare
steel: fngap
metallic: lefngap
noon: kxamtrr. (See ‘midday’.)
center, midpoint: kxam
midnight: kxamtxon
mighty: fkew
navy squad: wempongu
thoughts (n) ronsem
mistake: kxeyey. make a mistake: kxeyey si.
mannequin (n) kenong
second: swaw. (very quick time) krr. only a second in the past: pxiswawam. in only a second: pxiswaway.
mommy: saʼnu
Monday (Earth calendar) trrmuve
extra: ʼul. (for comparability, use: to.)
morning: (daylight earlier than midday) regained. (daybreak) trrʼong. (For early morning, see ‘daybreak’.)
moron: skxawng
moss: prrwll
most: (adv: use frato). (n) txampxì.
mom: saʼnok
mountain: floating mountains: iknimaya
mouth: kxa
transfer: (shift place) rikx. (transfer one thing) ʼärìp.
motion (grassroots) ngrrpongu
a lot: (nice amount) txan. (nice extent) txan. a lot: txan.
mushroom (approx.) spxam
music: pamtseo
musical instrument (stringed) en
musician: pamtseotu
should: zene. should not: zenke (zengke). need not: ke zene.
my: oe (we)
My! (encouragement) nang
myriad: zazam [stress?]


Naʼvi: (n) tute. (adj) leNaʼvi. in Naʼvi: Naʼvi.
title (n) tstxo. my title is: oeru syaw …. what’s your title?: fyape syaw ngar?
close to: (be close to) sim. (close by) asim.
neck: pewn
want: (v) kin. (n) kin. don’t have to: ke zene
vital: lekin
neural connection: tsaheylu
by no means: ke … kawkrr
however: tsalsungay
new: mip
information: fmawn
subsequent: hay, -ay. subsequent time: alo ahay. subsequent Thursday (Thursday of subsequent week) trrmrrvay
night time: txon. tonight: txon. final night time: txonam. tomorrow night time: txonay. Good night time!: txon lefpom, (sleep properly) hellovahaw nìmwey.
9: (octal: 11) voregulation. (human digit ‘9’) nayn.
nineteen (octal: 23) mevopey
nineteenth (quantity nineteen) mevopeyve
ninety (approx.) zam pxevol
ninth (quantity 9) voregulationve
no: No!: kehe. (with a noun: no X) kea, ake. No?: kefya srak, kefyak. No manner! (vulgar) pxasìk. No, it may possibly’t be! (consternation) au!
noble: nawm
none: ke … keʼu, ke … kawʼit
nonetheless: tsalsungay
midday: kxamtrr. pre-noon (solar simply earlier than zenith) srekamtrr. post-noon (solar simply after zenith) kxamtrrmaw.
no-one: ke … kawtu
nostril: ontu
not: ke. in no way, not a bit (adv) ke … kawʼit.
nothing: (pn) ke … keʼu. nothing in any respect (adv) ke … keʼu.
noun: tstxolìʼu
now: (sentence opener) tse. (right now) set. till now: vay set. proper now: pxiset. Thursday two weeks from now: mesrrmrrvay.
quantity (n) holpxay


O! (tackle) ma
oath: nu?
obey: lek
obstruction: ekxan
event (completely satisfied) ftxo
occupy (an area) tok
happen: len
ocean: txampay
odd, unusual: helloyìk
of: -yä, -ä. (a clan; utilized in full names) te. (See additionally ‘from’.)
offense: zoplo
usually: pxìm
oh! (consternation) au! (poor factor!) keftxo! (exertion) sau!
previous: (not new) spuwin. (not younger) koak.
okay: tam, tam tam. …okay?: … ko
on: mì+. on, onto (?) sìn.
as soon as: (prior to now) ʼawlie. (not twice) ʼawlo.
one: ʼaw. one particular person: ʼawpo. one time (as soon as) ʼawlie, ʼawlo. 100 (approx.) zam fu mezam. one thousand (approx.) mevozam. [stress?]
one (pronoun: ‘you’, ‘they’) fko
solely: ʼaw
oomph!: sau!
open: (be open) piak. (open one thing) piak si.
opinion: for my part: ʼefumì oe
alternative: skxom
optimum: swey. optimally: swey.
or: fu. or else: txokefyaw. or not: fuke.
order: as a way to: fte [with subjunctive]
peculiar, on a regular basis: letrrtrr
different: lahe. different one (particular person or factor) lapo. to the others: aylaru.
in any other case: txokefyaw
our (together with your) awngeyä, (ay)oengeyä [stress?]
our (however not your) (ay)oe (weyä, aywe)
on the market: satseng
exterior: wrrpa
overabundance: hawng


ache: sraw
painful: sraw. be painful: sraw si
Pandora: Eywaʼeveng
panther (approx.) palulukan
half (n) hapxì
get together (group of individuals) pongu
go (a check) emzaʼu. (go by one thing) ftem.
passionate: ftxavang
passionately: ftxavang
previous: the previous: ftawnemkrr
pasta (approx.) tsyosyu
path: fyaʼo
persistence: tìmweypey
affected person (adj) lemweypey. be affected person: maweypey. patiently: nìmweypey. a affected person particular person: maweypeyyu.
sample (n) renu
listen: eltu si
peace: fpom
peaceable: lefpom. peacefully: nìmwey.
peel (v) fkarut
individuals: (individuals) sute. (the Folks) Naʼvi.
understand: ʼefu
maybe: kxawm
perimeter: pxawpa
particular person: tute
phrase: lìʼfyavi
image (n) rel
place (n) tsenge, tseng. [syll?] (v) yem.
plain, discipline: txayo
plan: (v) hawl. (n) hawl.
plant (n) ʼewll
play: (play a sport) uvan si
nice: (to the senses) lor. (of an exercise) prrteʼ. (gratifying, of an individual or factor) mowan
please!: rutxe!
pleasing: mowan
pleasurable (of an exercise) prrteʼ
pleasure: prrteʼ
apply, coaching tskxekeng
pointedly: pxi
poison (n) txum
poor factor!: keftxo!
place: klltseng
attainable: letsunslu. be attainable: tsunslu.
energy: txur
highly effective: fkew, txantur
choose: nulnew
preparations: hawl
put together, plan: hawl
current (time) sekrr
fairly: sevin
earlier: ham. earlier occasion: alo aham.
prey (n) tspang
proceed: salew
possible; most likely: skxakep
produce (v) sleyku
proliferate: vi
promise: (n) nu. (v) nutìng.
propel: spule
correct: muiä
prophesize: sreseʼa
prophesy: sreseʼa
defend: hawnu, tìhawnu si
safety: hawnu
pterosaur (approx.) ikran
pull (v) zaʼärìp
objective (objective) kan
push (v) ʼärìp
put: yem


query (n) pawm
(query marker) srak(e). (with fuke) ftxey.
quiet: (n) fnu. be quiet: fnu.
quote … unquote: san … sìk
quotidian: letrrtrr


rain (n) tompa
somewhat: (would somewhat) nulnew. somewhat than: tup.
prepared: alaksi. prepare: hawl.
rear: (half or part) pxì. (of particular person) txìm.
purpose (n) lun
obtain: tel
current: sok
recline: tuvon
refuge: zongtseng
refuse (v) sto
launch: lonu
stay: ʼìʼawn
keep in mind: zerok
remembrance: ʼok
signify: kenong
request: (n) ätxäle. (v) ätxäle si.
reply: ʼeyng
response: ʼeyng. in response: ʼeyng.
duty: have duty (for): kllfroʼ
accountable: be accountable (for): kllfroʼ
relaxation (v) tsurokx
restore: speng
return, return: txaw
rhino (approx.) ʼangtsìk
rhythm: kato
journey (v) makto. journey out: makto.
proper: (aspect, path) skien. (correct) muiä. (right) eyawr. you are proper: ngaru tìyawr. Proper?: kefya srak? kefyak? proper now: pxiset. proper earlier than: pxisre. proper after: pximaw.
river: kilvan. (sacred) Swotulu.
rock, stone: tskxe
root: ngrr
rule (n) koren
run (n) tul
rush: (v, hurry) winpi. (rush one thing) win si.


sacred: swok. sacred place: swotu. Sacred River: Swotulu.
unhappy: keftxo. sadly: nìkeftxo. How unhappy! keftxo!
secure: kxuke. secure place: zongtseng.
safely: nìzawnong
sake: for the sake of: fpi+
similar: teng
Saturday (Earth calendar) trrkive
save: zong
say: plltxe
saying …: san … sìk
faculty: numtseng
science: tìftia kifkeyä
scream (v) zawng
Screw that! (vulgar) pxasìk
screw up: kxey si
sea: txampay
second (quantity two) muve. (quick time) krr. (look additionally underneath ‘second’)
see: (bodily sense) tseʼa. See (religious sense) kame. see you quickly: kìyevame.
seed: rinaʼ. (of Hometree) atokirinaʼ.
search: fwew
appear: lam
selfishness: ʼawpo
ship: fpeʼ
sense (v) ʼefu
serve: kìteʼe si
service: kìteʼe
seven: ki
seventeen (octal: 21) mevoregulation
seventeenth (quantity seventeen) mevoregulationve
seventh (quantity seven) kive
seventy (approx.) zam vol
shaman: tsahìk
sharp: pxi
she: po, poe
shelter (v) hawnu
shoot: (intrans.) tem. (trans.) toltem.
quick (of time) yol
present (v) wìntxu
shut: (adj) tstu. (v) tstu si.
sibling: tsmuk, tsmuktu
sick: spxin
illness: (illness) spxin. (state of being sick) spxin.
aspect: paʼo
signal, omen: aungia
silence: fnu
easy: ftue
sing: rol. singing (occasion of): tìrusol. (artwork) tseo tìruso.
sister: tsmuke, tsmuk
sit: heyn
six: pukap
sixteen (octal: 20) mevol
sixteenth (quantity sixteen) mevolve
sixth (quantity six) puve
sixty (approx.) zam
measurement: tsawlhìʼ
pores and skin (n) taʼleng
sky: taw
sleep (v) hahaw. sleep properly! hellovahaw nìmwey.
gradual: ʼong
slowly: nìkʼong
small: (little in measurement) ʼi. (small in amount) hìm. (a small quantity) ʼit.
sensible: (particular person) kanu. (thought, plan) sìlronsem.
odor (n) fahew
smile: (n) lrrtok. (v) lrrtok si.
smoke (n) kxener
so: (in that case) ha. even so tsalsungay. a lot: txan. in order that: fte. in order that not: fteke.
smooth: (of an object) hewne. (of a sound) ʼango.
some: -o. somebody: tuteo. one thing: ʼuo. someplace: tsengo.
son: ʼitan
track: rol, manner
songchord: mannertelem
quickly: yeʼrìn. See you quickly: kìyevame.
sorry! ngaytxoa
soul: vitra
sound (n) pam
supply: tsim
spaceship: tawsìp
spark (n) txepvi
communicate: plltxe
spear (n) tukru
spin (v) kìm
spiral (n) ʼìheyu
spirit: tirea
spirit animal: tireaioang
spirit path: tireafyaʼo
unfold, proliferate: vi
squad: wempongu
squirt (v) tsäʼ
Stairway to Heaven: iknimaya
stand (v) kllkxem
star: tan
begin: (intrans.) sngäʼi. (begin one thing) sngeyʼi.
keep: ʼìʼawn
nonetheless: (but) vay set. (as earlier than) mi.
sting (v) sngap
stingbat (flying animal): riti
abdomen (n) ngäng
stone (n) tskxe
cease: (v) ftang. (droop motion) fpak.
stopping: ftang. with out stopping: nìlkeftang.
story, story: vur
straight: (not crooked) yey. (upright) pxim.
unusual: (unfamiliar) stxong. (odd) helloyìk.
stream: payfya
power: txur
strike, blow (n) takuk
strike, hit (v) takuk
stringed instrument: en
sturdy: txur
pupil: numeyu
research: (v) ftia. (n) tìftia.
silly: snumìna
sturmbeast (animal like cattle) talioang
topic (n) txele
succeed: flä
such: (adj) nafìʼu; tsafnel, fìfnel + genitive; tsafne-, fìfne- (pl. tsayfne-, fayfne-). resembling: pxel.
suffice: tam
adequate: letam
abstract: vurvi
solar: tsawke. dawn: (see daybreak). sundown: (see nightfall).
Sunday (Earth calendar) trrʼawve
provides: mekre
maintain: fmal
candy: kalin
swoop (v) tawng
synopsis: vurvi


tail: kxetse
take: munge. take time: krrnekx.
story: vur
tall: tsawl
goal (n) kan
educate: kar
trainer: karyu
instructing: nume
inform: peng
ten (octal: 12) vomun
tenth (quantity ten) vomuve
territory: kllpxìltu
check: (v) fmetok. (n) fmetok.
than: to. than all: frato.
Thanator (animal like a panther): palulukan
thank: irayo si. Thanks!: irayo!
that: tsa-. (that factor) tsaʼu, tsaw. (that motion) tsakem, tsakem. that one (that particular person) tsatu. that manner: tsafya. that form of: tsafnel + genitive, tsafne-.
that (conjunction) tsnì. (as for that) furia. (as object) futa. (as topic) fwa. (which, with a noun) a + N, N + a.
their: (animate) fe. (inanimate) se.
them (animate): (acc) fot, foti. (dat) for, foru. (after prep.) fo.
them (inanimate): (acc) sat, sati. (dat) sar, saru.
then: tsakrr
there: tsatseng, tsatseng. on the market: satseng. There there!: tam tam.
subsequently: tafral
these: fay+. these sorts of: fayfnel + genitive, fayfne-.
they (animate): ayfo, ayfo, fo. (these two) mefo. (these three) pxefo.
they (inanimate): (ay)saʼu, (ay)noticed. (these two) mesaʼu, mesaw. (these three) pxesaʼu, pxesaw. [stress?]
“they” (unspecified agent, ‘one’, ‘you’) fko.
factor: (object, reality, abstraction) ʼu. (motion) kem.
assume: fpìl
pondering (mind-set) fpìlfya
third (quantity three) pxeyve
13 (octal: 15) vomrr
thirteenth (quantity 13) vomrrve
thirty (approx.) tsìvol
this: (with a noun) fì-. (motion) kem. (factor) ʼu. (one) po. this manner: fya. this type of: fìfnel + genitive, fìfne-. this morning: fìregained. this afternoon: fìhaʼngir. this night: kaym.
these: tsay+. (these issues) saʼu. these sorts of: tsayfnel + genitive, tsayfne-. (See additionally ‘that’, ‘they’.)
thought: fpìl. thought sample: fpìlfya.
thousand: (approx.) mevozam. 4 thousand (approx.) zazam
thread (n) kìng
three: pxey. 300 (approx.) mrrzam. three thousand (approx.) puvozam. (of different nouns) pxe+.
via: kxam
throat: flew
throw: tsreʼi
thunder (sound of) kxangangang!
Thursday (Earth calendar) trrmrrve
thus: fya, tsafya
tie: tie down, fasten: yän. tie up, bind: yìm.
time (n) krr. take time: krrnekx. on a regular basis: frakrr.
time (adv) alo, -lo. 5 instances: alo amrr. 1 time (as soon as): ʼawlo. 2 instances (twice) melo. every/each time: fralo. always: frakrr. subsequent time: alo ahay. final time: alo aham.
drained: ngeyn
to: (path) ne. (recipient) -ur, -ru. (infinitive) fte [with subjunctive].
immediately: trr
tonight: txon
toe: venzek
collectively: ʼawsiteng
tomorrow: trray. tomorrow night time: txonay. tomorrow morning: rewonay. tomorrow afternoon: haʼngiray. tomorrow night: kaycould.
tongue: ftxì
too: (as properly) teng. (excessively) hawng.
tooth: sreʼ
high (n) pa
torn aside, divided: keʼaw
totality: wotx
contact (v) ʼampi
monitor, comply with: sutx
coaching: tskxekeng
lure (v) syep
journey: sop
treachery: kavuk
tree: utral. Tree of Souls: Vitrautral. Tree of Voices: Utral Aymokriyä. Hometree: Kelutral. [stress?]
journey (journey) sop
true: ngay
really: ngay
trunk (of a tree) tangek
reality: ngay
attempt (v) fmi
Tuesday (Earth calendar) trrpxeyve
tune: be in tune, bear in mind: kame
flip (v) mìn
flip (n) alo. my flip: alo oeyä.
twelfth (quantity twelve) vove
twelve (octal: 14) vosìng
twentieth (quantity twenty) mevove
twenty: (actual, octal: 24) mevosìng. (approx.) mevol fu pxevol
twice: melo
twilight: See ‘nightfall’, ‘daybreak’.
two: mune. 200 (approx.) pxezam. two thousand (approx.) tsìvozam. the 2 of us: moe, oeng [“weng”]. the 2 of you: menga. [stress?] the 2 of them: mefo, mesa. (of different nouns) me+.
kind, form: fnel. what kind? fnepe, pefnel


ugly (sight or sound) väʼ
unambiguously: pxi
perceive: (a reality) tslam. (an individual) kame.
understanding: (comprehension) tslam. (clever) txantslusam.
Understood!: tslolam
unequal: keteng
unfamiliar: stxong
unfold: ʼong
sadly: nìkeftxo
sad: keftxo
unhealthy: kelfpomtokx
unknown: stxong
disagreeable to the senses: väʼ
unquote: sìk
till: vaykrr. till now: vay set. till then: tsakrrvay
up: upward: ne. up amongst: fkip. as much as (place, time, or quantity): vay.
upright: pxim, nìpxim
upset (unhappy) keftxo
us (excluding you): (acc) ayoeti (ayweti). (dat) ayoeru, ayoer (ayweru, aywer). (after prep.) ayoe.
us (together with you): a number of varieties, together with (acc) awngati. (dat) awngaru, awngar. (after prep.) awnga, ayoeng (ayweng).
use (v) sar
helpful: lesar
utilizing: fa


legitimate: kangay
vegetable (meals) fkxen
verb: kemlìʼu
vertical: pxim. vertically: pxim.
very: txan
by way of: ì+, ìlä+
village: tsray
violet (flower, approx.) seze
viperwolf: nantang
imaginative and prescient (religious) äie
go to (v) frrfen
customer: frrtu
voice (n) mokri


wait, await: pey
stroll (v) ran
need: new
struggle: tsam. struggle get together: tsampongu.
warrior: tsamsiyu
was: lamu, lolu. wasn’t it? kefya srak? kefyak?.
wash: yur. (oneself) pur.
wasp (approx) zizeʼ
watch: (have a look at) nìn. be careful: nari si. watch it! oìsss!, tsahey!, wiya!, saa!
water: pay
manner: fyaʼo. No manner! (vulgar) pxasìk. give manner: tìng tseng. mind-set: fpìlfya.
we (however not you): ayoe. we two moe. we three pxoe.
we two (you and I): oeng [weng]. (formal) ohe ngenga. we, all of us (together with you) awnga, ayoeng
weak: meyp
weave: ftxu
weaver: ftxuyu
Wednesday (Earth calendar) trrtsìve
weep: tsngawvìk
properly: (adv) nìltsan. as properly: teng. (See additionally ‘wholesome’.)
properly: (n) ramunong. Nicely of Souls: Ayvitrayä Ramunong. [stress?]
properly (sentence opener) tse
well-being: fpom
have been: lamu, lolu. weren’t they? kefya srak? kefyak?.
what?: (motion) pehem?, kempe?. (factor) peu?, ʼupe?. (phrase, utterance) peʼu?, lìʼupe?. (what form?) fnepe, pefnel. (with different nouns) pe-, -pe?. what? you name {that a} …? (disparagement) pak.
what a …! (reward) nang.
when: (not a query) a krr, krr a. (if) txo.
when?: pehrr?, krrpe?
the place?: peseng?, tsengpe?
whether or not: san srake, ftxey
which?: pe+, -pe. which sort? fnepe, pefnel. which day (of the week, month)? trrpeve
which (not a query) a + N
whereas: tengkrr [with the imperfective for the -ing verb]
white: teyr
who?: pesu?, tupe?
complete: (n) wotx. (adj) ʼänsyem.
why?: pelun?, lumpe?
wind (n) hufwe
wing: tsyal
clever: txantslusam
want (v) rangal. I want …: rangal.
with: (accompaniment) hu. (via) fa.
with out: luke
wolf (approx.) nantang
phrase: ʼu
work: (n) kangkem. (v) work: kangkem si.
world (bodily) kifkey
worm: ngawng. (hallucinogenic) eltungawng.
worst: ʼeʼal
worthy: pxan
wow!: tewti!
write: pamrel si
writing: pamrel
incorrect: (incorrect) keyawr. (an error) kxey. do incorrect: kxey si. you are incorrect: ngaru tìkxey


yeah: sran
12 months: sìt
yellow: rim. in yellow: rim.
sure: srane
yesterday: trram. yesterday night time: txonam. yesterday morning: rewonam. yesterday afternoon: haʼngiram. yesterday night: kaymam.
but: (nonetheless) mi. not but: vay set (with destructive verb).
you (sg.) nga. (honorific kind) ngenga. you two: menga. you three: pxenga. you all: aynga. you (unspecified; ‘one’, ‘they’) fko. [stress?]
younger: ʼewan
your: nge. (formal) ngenge. [stress?]
yucky: väʼ


zero: kew

Discourse particles

The next exclamations don’t have any simple translation into English. They stand as a clause of their very own:

of consternation (it may possibly’t be!): au
struggle cry (alala!) ìley
of pity (poor factor!): keftxo
of anger or annoyance (aargh!) oìsss
vulgar (screw that!) pxasìk
alarm cry; name to protection: uncookedke
as a menace: saa
upon exertion (oomph!) sau
soothing (there there!) tam tam
of shock and pleasure (wow!) tewti
of warning or frustration (oy!) tsahey, wiya

(See additionally ‘sure’, ‘no’, ‘yeah’, ‘please’, ‘thanks’, ‘sorry!’, ‘forgive me!’, ‘proper?’, ‘okay’, ‘understood’, ‘do not!’, ‘down!’, ‘properly’, ‘hi there’, ‘goodbye’.)

The next emotive particles happen on the finish of a clause:

soliciting settlement (Let’s X; X, eh?) ko
shock, exclamation, encouragement (Oh my! What an X!) nang
disparagement (Pshaw! You name that an X?) pak

Others assist the grammatical move of discourse:

direct tackle (O!) ma
continuation (And also you?) tut
  1. “Do You Converse Naʼvi? Giving Voice To ‘Avatar’ Aliens : NPR”. Retrieved 16 December 2009. 

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