Once we first consider this, we consider Mary Magdalene. I am going to get to her later. Numerous hype about her!
Most Pagans have heard of Lilith. She was the primary spouse of Adam and refused to lie beneath him and thus was banished after which Yahweh created Eve from Adam’s rib. The Hebrew time period Lilith translated means vampire, evening creatures, evening monster, evening hag, and screech owl. Isaiah 34:14 lists these as unclean animals. Isaiah 34:11-17 “The desert owl and screech owl will possess it; the good owl and the raven will nest there. God will stretch out over Edom the measuring line of chaos and the plumb line of desolation. 12 Her nobles can have nothing there to be referred to as a kingdom; all her princes will vanish away. 13 Thorns will overrun her citadels, nettles and brambles her strongholds. She’s going to turn out to be a hang-out for jackals, a house for owls. 14 Desert creatures will meet with hyenas, and wild goats will bleat to one another; there the evening creatures can even repose and discover for themselves locations of relaxation. 15 The owl will nest there and lay eggs, she’s going to hatch them, and look after her younger below the shadow of her wings; there additionally the falcons will collect, every with its mate. 16 Look within the scroll of the LORD and browse: None of those shall be lacking, not one will lack her mate. For it’s his mouth that has given the order, and his Spirit will collect them collectively. 17 He allots their parts; his hand distributes them by measure. They are going to possess it perpetually and dwell there from era to era.” Eberhard Schrader (1875) and Moritz Abraham Levy (1885) recommend Lilith was a Goddess of the Night time.
The Lifeless Sea Scrolls seek advice from Lilith in Songs of the Sage (4Q510-511). “And I, the trainer, proclaim his superb splendor in order to frighten and to terrify all of the spirits of the destroying angels, spirits of the bastards, demons, Lilith howlers, and [desert dwellers… ] and people which fall upon males with out warning to steer them astray from a spirit of understanding and to make their coronary heart and their [… ] desolate daring the current dominion of wickedness and predetermined time of humiliations for the sons of sunshine by the guilt of the ages of [those] passionate about iniquity not for everlasting destruction [but] for an period of humiliation for transgression.
Lilith doesn’t happen within the Mishnah however in three references within the Babylonian Talmud in Gemaia.
If an abortion had the likeness of Lilith, its mom is unclean by cause of delivery, for it’s a little one nevertheless it has wings. She who grows lengthy hair like Lilith, sits when making water, like a beast, serves as a bolster for her husband. Additionally, one could stay awake in a home alone [in a lonely house], and whoever sleeps in a home alone is seized by Lilith. (1)
Lilith’s themes are freedom, braveness, playfulness, ardour, pleasure and sexuality. Lilith has turn out to be the feminist Goddess. “Lilith’s demon spawn signify our personal private demons.” (2)
Within the Outdated Testomony, the Israelites regularly deserted God and worshipped Astarte. Astarte was a Canaanite fertility Goddess. The Israelites continued to tick off their “one true God” by returning to the Pagan worship of the Goddess. Astarte is the Greek title of the Mesopotamian Semitic Goddess Ishtar and is related to the chief Goddess or Feminine Divinity of those peoples.
Astarte is linked with fertility, sexuality, and struggle. Her numerous symbols are the lion, sphinx, dove, and a star inside a circle which denoted Venus. Astarte was recognized to the Greeks as Aphrodite or typically Artemis. The island Cypress was one in all Astarte’s best religion facilities. (3)
Ashtoreth is talked about within the Hebrew Bible as a international, non-Judahite Goddess. The title “Queen of Heaven” is talked about in Jeremiah. In later Jewish mythology she grew to become a feminine demon of lust.
The Hebrew title for Astarte, Ashtoreth happens solely 3 times within the Hebrew Bible. The unique which means of Astarte was “womb”. The Hebrew Bible understood Astarte to be Baal’s consort.
Astarte can be a spot title referred to as “of the 2 horns” in Genesis 14:5. This most likely refers to a temple the place Astarte was worshipped as a horned Goddess. Two passages in Jeremiah (7:17-18; 44:15-19) seek advice from Israelite worship of the Queen of Heaven. (4)
The Israelites worshipped Astarte as a mom Goddess. The Bible mentions that the Israelites have to destroy the Asherah poles and destroy her temples. For about 400 years she was worshipped together with Jehovah. Some biblical students believed her to be worshipped because the consort of Yahweh.
She was worshipped in historical Syria, Phoenicia, and Canaan and was represented by a limbless tree trunk within the floor. She was the Moon Goddess consort of Baal (Judges 3:7, 6:28, 10:6; and Isaiah 7:4, 12:10) and was worshipped because the Goddess of affection and struggle. (6)
Amulets, collectible figurines, inscriptions in historical texts together with the Bible reveal Asherah’s outstanding standing. (7) Yahoo Solutions all described Asherah as a Pagan educating and went on that Yahweh is the one true God.
Mary Magdalene was misaligned by Pope Gregory within the Catholic Church as a repentant prostitute which is talked about nowhere within the Bible. She gained reputation in Dan Brown’s e-book, The DaVinci Code. What is understood is she was rich, she held standing locally, Jesus beloved her and sometimes kissed her on the lips, Peter was jealous of her, and she or he was the Apostle of the Apostles. She was the primary to see the resurrected Jesus and she or he remained on the cross throughout his crucifixion. With the invention of the Gnostic Gospels, and the Gospel of Mary, we will see that there was a particular relationship between Jesus and Mary. Mary taught the Apostles many issues that Jesus had spoken solely to her. I might extremely advocate studying the Gospel of Mary.
Temples of the Goddess existed all through biblical occasions. One picture of Mary Magdalene holding the alabaster jar and carrying the Isis knot round her waist, which was worn by priestesses of Isis. The Gospel of Phillip speaks of Mary Magdalene “as essentially the most favoured companion of Jesus who beloved her greater than the opposite disciples and would kiss her typically on the mouth.”  (8)
“The Magdalene just isn’t at any level in any of the Gospels stated to be a prostitute. When she is first talked about within the Gospel of Luke, she is described as a girl out of who went seven devils. It’s typically assumed that this phrase refers to some kind of conversion and/or ritual initiation. The cult of Ishtar or Astarte-the Mom Goddess and “Queen of Heaven”-involved, for instance, a seven stage initiation [the seven veils]. Previous to her affiliation with Jesus, the Magdalene could properly have been related to such a cult. Migdal or Magdala was the ‘Village of Doves’ and there’s some proof that sacrificial doves had been in actual fact bred there. And the dove was a sacred image of Astarte.” In line with the Holy Blood and Holy Grail by Baigent, Leigh, and Lincoln.
On the time of Jesus and Mary Magdalene, the Romans had management of a lot of the recognized world together with Palestine. Beforehand, this space had been a part of a matriarchal Goddess society. The fertility rituals included the Sacred Marriage which honored the Goddess and gave blessing of the Goddess to the brand new King. The King is sacrificed, comes again to life after three days, having been discovered by the Excessive Priestess.
Proof by the gospels present that Jesus preached a brand new strategy which might combine the Divine Female and supply steadiness. He preached a message of peace, tolerance and equality of the Divine Inside.
Mary Magdalene was from a rich household and the sister of Lazarus and Martha of Bethany. She held standing inside the group and was presumably a Excessive Priestess. She was not a prostitute. (10)
Individuals nonetheless imagine that: Mary took her and Jesus’ kids to Southern France the place she died and was buried; she visited Glastonbury with Joseph of Aramathia the place they based a church of the true model of Jesus’ teachings; she is related to the Black Madonna’s present in Southern Europe.
Hyperlinks between Mary Magdalene and Astarte embrace: Mary got here from Magdela the place doves had been bred and are a sacred image of Astarte; in her assembly with Tiberius in Rome, Mary is carrying an egg, one other sacred image of Astarte; and, Mary was recognized as a prostitute and there was a follow of Divine and Sacred Intercourse within the Temples to Astarte. (9)
The Virgin Mary was really a cult that changed the Isis cult, which vied for reputation in the course of the spreading of the fledgling Christianity. Many titles of Isis had been later attributed to Mary, such because the Queen of Heaven. There are various statues and photos of Isis with Horus that strongly resemble the Virgin Mary and Jesus. Catholics revere the Virgin Mary all around the world, as if the Goddess by no means left the Church. Our Woman of Guadalupe and lots of different grottos had been constructed on Pagan worship websites.
In Catholicism the Virgin Mary is honored as Theotokos, the Mom of God. It has older traditions from historical Egypt. The cult of Isis was launched to the Roman Empire by the Emperor Caligula. It unfold all through the empire in the course of the adolescence of Christianity. In the course of the persecutions of Christians, it was commonplace for statues of the Madonna and little one to be displayed as Isis and Horus. When Christianity grew to become the official faith of the Empire, the cult of Isis was synonymous with the cult of the Virgin Mary. (11)
Supreme Mom of the universe, loving, sensible, brave and sacrifices herself and her household for the betterment of mankind. In Christianity, that is the Virgin Mary, however 3,000 years in the past, this description match Isis. It could be they’re the identical entity, altered by man to suit cultural wants. Isis was the outstanding feminine Goddess in Egypt. Mary is an important determine in Christianity. (12)
I wrote a paper in school evaluating the Virgin Mary to Isis and included that Isis almost overcame the Virgin Mary in the course of the early years of Christianity. It was solely when Christianity grew to become the official faith of Rome that Isis misplaced prominence. I in contrast many work and collectible figurines of Isis to Mary and the resemblance is placing. The Virgin Mary solely changed Isis, to placate those that worshipped Isis. This was an Historical and Medieval Artwork course and we visited the Oriental Museum in Chicago to start out our analysis. After I obtained my paper again, which was an A, the professor held me again and stated I wrote a compelling paper however he did not agree with me. At the least he nonetheless gave me an A.
Our final biblical goddess is Shekinah. Within the Kabbalah she was worshipped because the consort of Jehovah. She is honored because the Queen of Heaven and is the Divine Female in Kabbalah, together with Sophia who represents knowledge within the Bible.
Shekinah is the English spelling of a female Hebrew phrase which means dwelling or setting, particularly of God within the Temple of Jerusalem. Shekinah is held by many to signify the female attributes of God. The Christian idea of Shekinah is that of the Holy Spirit.
Judaism is a patriarchal monotheistic faith linked to Yahweh. The Goddess was linked with Judaism from its conception, finest referred to as Shekinah. Shekinah just isn’t talked about within the Bible however is in extraordinarily previous traditions. (13)
Important to Shekinah is the Canaanite Goddess Ashera, who, when the Israelites settled in Canaan was known as Yahweh’s consort. Shekinah made herself seen in synagogues. Because the Jews settled elsewhere, extra sightings occurred. She comforted the sick, the poor, the struggling, and particularly repentant sinners. She would additionally punish and her character got here nearer to that of Asherah, Yahweh’s Canaanite consort. She punished Adam and Eve. She confused the builders of the Tower of Babel. She drowned the Egyptians within the Purple Sea. Shekinah grew to become interchangeable with the Holy Spirit in each Judaism and Christianity. She is commonly depicted as a dove. (14)
I feel what’s necessary in studying about these biblical Goddesses is how Paganism is so built-in into Judeo-Christian religions. The Israelites had been regularly turning again to the Goddess all through the formation of Judaism. The Christians picked up Isis with the Virgin Mary and Astarte/Isis with Mary Magdalene, and Shekinah because the Holy Spirit, which is coincidentally represented by a dove, which is a sacred image of Astarte. As most of us know, Christianity transformed many Pagans by assimilating their holidays and making them Christian holidays. Whereas worship of the Goddess is 1000’s of years previous, Christianity is a mere 2,000, Islam lower than that, and Judaism about 6,000 years. I imagine, in progressive Christianity, we’re seeing a reemergence of the Goddess and God as a Divine Female.
10. The Gnostic Bible