Adventist Youth Honors Answer Book/Nature/Dog Care and Training

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Canine Care and Coaching
Basic Convention
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Yr of Introduction: 1976

1. Describe the steps it is best to take within the following areas of canine care[edit]

a. Choice[edit]

Golden Retrievers are famend for his or her gentleness and intelligence.

For common house owners, the significance of the breed is in understanding for what function the canine was bred and the way that function pertains to its life as a pet. Herding canines typically get a status for nipping, as a result of that’s the manner they management animals they’re herding. Retrievers require a lot of common energetic operating and chasing. Lap canines like to be in your lap. Dalmatians are coach canines. As ornamental as they’re, if they won’t have a chance for normal train, it is best to select another canine. In case you like an energetic canine, it is best to get a much bigger canine. In case you like a extra laid-back canine, get a lap canine.

You should purchase a canine from a good canine breeder, if you’re motivated to undertake by the will for a particular sort of canine or should you want to decrease the uncertainty that always accompanies a shelter canine. Additionally, you will pay considerably extra for the privilege, however welcoming a well-bred, wholesome and skilled canine into your property is sort of a privilege, certainly! The additional value is commonly small in comparison with the remedy of the signs of a genetic dysfunction.

Remember that good, respected breeders don’t breed each cycle and should even lose cash after they do have a litter. Prices they assume embody

  • well being and genetic testing of the mom,
  • getting the mom along with a genetically applicable father who can also be examined for well being and genetic issues,
  • medical look after the mom throughout being pregnant and start (together with a caesarian if needed),
  • medical and routine look after the puppies (even sick ones) for at the least 8–10 weeks,
  • microchipping of every pet, and
  • caring for any pet that turns into homeless throughout its lifetime.

Shopping for a canine from a pet retailer is not really useful, as these canines are sometimes poorly socialized, obtain no coaching, and are generally weaned from their moms and siblings too early (typically 5 weeks). You normally do not know the place they got here from and the way the earlier proprietor handled them. In case you ever see a canine in a pet retailer, and need to take them dwelling and look after them, think about the next:

  • Puppies require an excessive amount of consideration and time;
  • Coaching is a tedious and sometimes irritating course of;
  • Puppies usually be taught chew inhibition from their moms and littermates between 5 and 10 weeks of age so you’ll have to do the educating;
  • Pet shops generally (some would say “at all times”) inventory animals bred in pet mills or by non-reputable breeders, in unsanitary, harmful and inhumane situations—and each pet mill canine buy perpetuates the existence of pet mills.

Many animal welfare charities suggest adopting a canine from an animal shelter, moderately than shopping for one at a retailer or from a breeder. Getting an grownup canine from a shelter avoids surprises in things like the scale and temperament of your pet. They’re typically neutered and house-trained, too!

b. Registration[edit]

There are two methods a canine could possibly be registered. The primary of those, for purebred canines, is with the canine’s breed registry. Such a registration is completed as soon as, normally by the canine’s breeder.

The second sort of registration applies to all canines, however maybe not in all localities. Most native governments require that canines be licensed. The proprietor should pay a small charge and show that the canine has been vaccinated in opposition to the rabies virus. The federal government company could situation tags that the canine is to put on on its collar. Failure to register a canine on this manner when it’s required can result in stiff penalties that far exceed the price of the nominal charge and the price of vaccination.

c. Pictures[edit]

As talked about partially b of this requirement, vaccination in opposition to rabies is commonly mandated by the native authorities. Even when it isn’t mandated, it’s nonetheless a good suggestion. Once you purchase a canine, it is best to get documentation on the pictures it has had. Don’t belief the vendor on this regard. If the canine doesn’t have documentation, it is extremely unlikely that it has had its pictures, and you might be required to get them once more anyhow. A canine have to be taken to a veterinarian to obtain its pictures. They’ll know which pictures are required, and they’ll offer you the documentation you should get your canine registered.

2. Do at the least two of the next[edit]

a. Describe what will be finished to take away fleas, ticks, and lice out of your canine.[edit]


The very best plan of action is to stop these parasites from infecting your canine by treating them with a preventative drugs. One such drugs is Fipronil, the energetic ingredient in Frontline. One other is Imidacloprid Permethrin, the energetic ingredient in K9 Advantix and Vectra 3D. These medicines are utilized topically each month and can be found with a veterinarian’s prescription. Your canine’s vet could advise different measures as nicely.

Tick Removing[edit]

In case you discover a tick connected to your canine, discover a pair of tweezers and dip them in rubbing alcohol. Grasp the tick as close to the canine’s pores and skin as attainable after which gently pull. Be affected person and pull firmly and with constant power. The tick will finally tire and launch its grip. You may then both place it in a sealable container (comparable to a freezer bag or a jar) in order that it may be analyzed by a vet, or you possibly can destroy it by dropping it in rubbing alcohol. Wash your arms if you find yourself completed.

When eradicating the tick:

  • Don’t squeeze the tick’s physique – pull it out by greedy it close to its jaws.
  • Don’t twist the tick – simply pull.
  • Don’t attempt to “burn the tick out” by making use of a lit match to it. That is harmful! It’s also more likely to trigger the tick to disgorge micro organism into your canine’s bloodstream.
  • Do not enable your canine to eat the tick (it should probably strive).

Flea and Lice Removing[edit]

Fleas and lice will be combed out of your canine’s hair. In case your canine has an infestation it is best to give it a shower with flea/lice shampoo, then groom the canine with a wonderful comb. Lastly, dip the canine in a pyrethrin dip. Additionally, you will have to deal with any space the place your canine has spent plenty of time (its mattress, canine home, and many others.) to stop reinfestation.

b. Point out a number of the ailments, pests, and worms that canines can get.[edit]

Rabies is a viral illness generally related to canines, though lately canine rabies has been virtually eradicated in North America and Europe as a result of in depth and infrequently obligatory vaccination necessities. Rabies in canines is a deadly illness transmitted by the chew of an contaminated mammal, comparable to a cat, raccoon, bat, or one other canine. Animals with rabies undergo deterioration of the mind and have a tendency to behave bizarrely and infrequently aggressively, growing the possibilities that they’ll chew one other animal or an individual and transmit the illness.
Canine distemper, brought on by a virus just like the reason for measles, is a extremely contagious illness that impacts the respiratory, gastrointestinal, and central nervous techniques. It’s unfold via both direct contact with respiratory excretions, via the air, or on inanimate objects comparable to clothes. Signs and indicators embody discharge from the attention or nostril, coughing, issue respiratory, vomiting, diarrhea, despair, seizures, and paralysis.
Kennel cough
Kennel cough is a extremely contagious canine sickness characterised by irritation of the higher respiratory system. It may be brought on by viral infections comparable to canine distemper. It’s so named as a result of the an infection can unfold shortly amongst canines, comparable to within the shut quarters of a kennel.
Fleas and Ticks
Fleas and ticks of varied species will be acquired and introduced dwelling by a canine, the place they will multiply and assault people (and vice versa). That is notably necessary, now that tick-borne Lyme Illness has turn into endemic all through a big space, along with different related ailments comparable to Rocky Mountain Noticed Fever.
Hookworms, Tapeworms, and Roundworms
Parasites, notably intestinal worms comparable to hookworms, tapeworms and roundworms, will be transmitted in a canine’s feces. Some tapeworms have fleas as intermediate hosts: the worm egg have to be consumed by a flea to hatch, then the contaminated flea have to be ingested (normally by the canine whereas grooming itself) for the grownup worm to determine itself within the intestines. The worm’s eggs then move via the intestines and cling to the nether areas of the canine, and the cycle begins once more.
Coronary heart worms
Because the identify suggests, an contaminated mosquito injects a larva into the canine’s pores and skin, the place it migrates to the circulatory system and takes up residence within the pulmonary arteries and coronary heart, rising and reproducing to an alarming diploma. The results on the canine are fairly predictable, cardiac failure over a yr or two, resulting in loss of life. Remedy of an contaminated canine is tough, involving an try to poison the wholesome worm with arsenic compounds with out killing the weakened canine, and regularly doesn’t succeed. Prevention is far the higher course, through heartworm drugs that are fed to the canine and comprise a compound which kills the larvae instantly upon an infection with out harming the canine. Typically they’re obtainable mixed with different parasite preventives.

c. Clarify what it is best to do for a canine chew.[edit]

This is dependent upon the severity of the chew. If the canine didn’t puncture the pores and skin, an important factor so that you can do is appropriate the canine. For harmless chewing on individuals’s arms and ft, an efficient correction is to spray some bitter apple into the canine’s mouth. That is obtainable at a pet provide retailer, and shortly teaches the canine that biting and mouthing usually are not allowed.

If the pores and skin is punctured however the damage will not be extreme, you have to to scrub out the wound with cleaning soap and water and apply a disinfectant. The customarily parroted concept {that a} canine’s mouth is clear and even promotes therapeutic is patently false. Canines routinely eat feces! It’s subsequently crucial that the wound be disinfected. The canine may also have to be corrected.

If the damage is extreme, the sufferer might have to hunt consideration from a certified medical skilled. In severe assaults, the canine could have to be euthanized. If a canine will not be skilled correctly, it might severely injure and even kill a human. If this occurs, the canine will nearly definitely be put down, and the proprietor could face authorized motion.

3. Describe learn how to housebreak a pet.[edit]

There are two frequent approaches to burglary a pet: crate coaching, and paper coaching.
Each have their proponents and detractors. Each strategies are recognized to be efficient, however it’s best to decide on one and keep it up. Switching from one method to the opposite will confuse your canine and lengthen the period of time required for burglary.

Crate Coaching[edit]

By intuition, most canines don’t need to defecate or urinate of their den. The crate is meant to be an alternative to a den.

A pet could also be stored in a crate besides throughout feeding time or throughout supervised play time. When allowed to exit the crate, the pet is taken to a soiling space to defecate or urinate.

A crate must be giant sufficient for a pet to have the ability to arise, flip round, and lie down comfortably. If there may be an excessive amount of area, the pet would possibly use the unoccupied finish for wastes. If an proprietor would not need to purchase a number of crates because the pet grows, it is attainable to dam off one finish of a bigger crate, or to purchase a crate with detachable dividers.

The pet’s potty breaks have to be frequent sufficient to keep away from “accidents” since puppies have a tough time controlling urination and defecation. Management will get higher because the pet will get older. Even an grownup canine, when sick or affected by sure drugs, can find yourself soiling the crate, making the canine uncomfortable each bodily and mentally, if the proprietor is not vigilant and conscious of the canine’s wants.

Toys and delicate bedding materials within the crate make it extra comfy for a canine or pet.

A crate shouldn’t be used as a jail. Trainers advise that the crate solely be closed when the proprietor is dwelling. Crate coaching will not be the identical as confinement for prolonged intervals. No canine ought to ever be confined to a crate past its capability to manage its bodily capabilities.

Paper Coaching[edit]

Paper coaching is simpler if the pet is confined to a small area (i.e. inside a pen). Place a plastic sheet lined with a layer of newspaper (ideally Three pages thick) on the underside of the pen. Watch your pet carefully. When the pet goes to the lavatory on the papers, reward him (ideally with a clicker phrase and a deal with). Clear the soiled papers instantly (however, should you do not thoughts this, do not clear the plastic. Your pet could also be inspired to proceed happening the papers if it smells somewhat.). Steadily lower the quantity of papers within the cage till you’ve got gone down to a few pages stacked on high of one another.

Bell Coaching[edit]

Bell coaching is finest used should you’re coaching your canine to go to the lavatory outdoors. First, get a cow bell, a buzzer with a big, paw or nose-friendly button, or another noise making machine and educate your canine to make use of it.

Grasp the bell close to the door your canine must undergo to get outdoors to his rest room area. Smear cheese wiz on it. If the bell rings when the canine licks it off, reward him (ideally with a clicker phrase and a deal with). Subsequent, put the canine outdoors each time he licks the cheese wiz off and rings the bell. Reward the canine when he goes outdoors with the bell, however reward him much more if he goes to the lavatory after ringing the bell. Proceed this till the canine rings the bell with out the cheese wiz.

You may prepare the canine to push a buzzer button together with his paw by inserting a deal with on the button. Do not let him get to the deal with together with his mouth. It will frustrate the canine, inflicting him to attempt to attain the deal with together with his paw.

4. Clarify intimately how you’d wash a canine and look after its basic hygiene.[edit]


Bathing is a crucial a part of the general grooming course of.

Brushing is commonly really useful earlier than bathing, to take away useless pores and skin and free hair. Human shampoos are usually not really useful, as a result of pH variations between people and canines.

Listed below are some basic steps:

  • Rinse the canine utterly.
  • Apply the shampoo on canine’s again. Lather nicely. Repeat for stomach, legs and tail.
    • Quick-haired canines will be scrubbed in a round sample. It could be simpler to scrub medium-length haired with a back-and-forth movement; longer-haired canines within the course of hair development.
    • A washcloth can be utilized to scrub the canine’s delicate head and face.
  • Rinse once more, holding the water with one hand as you’re employed out the cleaning soap with one other.
  • Run your hand all alongside the canine to take away extra water. Squeeze longer hair to take away extra water.
  • Towel-dry. Use a hair dryer on longer haired canines, however use a really low warmth setting due to the sensitivity of the canine’s pores and skin to warmth.

Many use an indoor tub for canine bathing. For a lot of dwelling house owners this may be burdensome, particularly with giant canines. In case you have an out of doors canine, likelihood is they might be notably extra soiled than an inside canine. Getting your giant, soiled canine inside will be tough and messy. You may at all times wash your canine outdoors with a water hose. You will need to take heed to the skin temperature and the temperature of your outdoors faucet water.

It could be helpful to buy an elevated canine bathtub tub that brings the canine as much as the extent of the human, not vice versa. The power to scrub your canine with out bending down or getting in your knees will not be solely handy, however much less stressfull in your physique. Many tubs even have straps to carry your canine inside the bathtub and stop them from slipping and hurting themselves. A easy seek for canine bathtub tub will reveal many suppliers of high quality tubs particularly for bathing your canine. They will additionally substitute for a grooming desk.


Different areas of canine hygiene embody brushing, cleansing its ears, and trimming its nails.

That is particularly necessary for long-haired canines. Brushing will decide up free hair from the canine and scale back shedding issues. Have your canine sit or lie down, and use a canine brush to softly sweep via its fur. Don’t tug at tangles (it hurts!) In case you discover a closely matted space of fur that can’t be brushed out, fastidiously reduce it out with scissors, however be very cautious. You do not need to injure your canine, and you do not need to offer it a nasty haircut both!
Cleansing the ears
This may be finished with a moist paper towel. Once more, you get your canine right into a sitting place and start petting it. Scratch it across the ears, after which gently work the paper towel into the internal ear, rubbing and massaging the canine as you clear. Don’t insert the paper towel into the ear canal the place you’ll be unable to retrieve it. Throw the dirty paper towel away and use a brand new one for the opposite ear.
Trimming the claws
For this you have to a particular nail trimmer made only for trimming the nails of canines. It’s best to be capable of discover one at a pet provide retailer. Do not use nail trimmers made for human nails. Rigorously study your canine’s nail, on the lookout for the fast. In case you trim it too quick, you’ll reduce into the short, inflicting a lot ache to your canine, and inflicting it to bleed (typically profusely). Trim the entrance paws first, after which if desired, trim the rear ones as nicely. Canines that spend plenty of time operating on pavement or rocks is not going to want their nails trimmed.

5. Take full accountability for feeding and watering a canine for 2 or three months.[edit]

Determine how typically you’ll feed your canine – sometimes it’s finished a few times per day. Watch out to not overfeed the canine, and don’t give it snacks (i.e., human meals) between meals. It’s best to fill the canine’s bowl on the similar time every single day – canines love routines.

Water, however, ought to at all times be obtainable to your canine. Keep watch over the water dish and refill it if it isn’t full (even when it is solely half full). You must also hold an “ear” on the water dish. Once you hear your canine consuming, it is best to refill the dish as quickly as it’s handy to take action – sooner if the canine has simply been exercising.

6. Practice your canine till you possibly can efficiently show the next:*[edit]

The instructions listed below are similar to those listed within the AKC Novice Take a look at, which has a rating of as much as 200. The AKC Novice Take a look at additionally embody a “free heel” which is identical as a daily heel, besides and not using a leash. See for particulars.

a. Heel: Your canine walks near your left facet and sits whenever you halt.[edit]

This may be finished by holding a deal with in your left hand and letting your canine scent it. Then begin strolling and provides the command heel. In case you enable the canine to nibble on the deal with whilst you stroll, he’ll comply with alongside simply the place he’s presupposed to. Cease and command the canine to sit down. When he complies, give him the remainder of the deal with.

b. Determine 8: Your canine stays near your facet with out sniffing individuals, fireplace hydrants, or different canines.[edit]

The Determine 8 is an train throughout which the coach walks in a determine Eight round two cones whereas the canine heels. The canine ought to ignore distractions throughout the train. Through the determine eight, the canine should stroll across the cone whereas the coach walks on the skin of the primary circle. Then the course modifications and the canine will stroll across the cone whereas the coach walks alongside the skin of the second circle. As soon as the canine is aware of learn how to heel, this train will be practiced till the canine (and the coach) have discovered it.

c. Stand for examination: Your canine permits strangers to the touch him.[edit]

  • Get your canine’s consideration.
  • Maintain a deal with to his nostril and let him scent it. Transfer it behind his head and he’ll sit. (That is the way you educate sit by the best way).
  • Transfer the deal with away from him and provides the command to stand.
  • Maintain shifting it away till he’s standing.
  • Give him loads of reward (and the deal with).
  • Follow.
  • When the canine appears to know stand, drop the deal with on the ground.
  • Don’t enable the canine to get the deal with till you launch him (by saying “OK!”)
  • If the canine goes for the deal with earlier than the discharge, take it away. Then give the stand command once more.

Within the AKC Novice Take a look at, the “stranger” is the choose.

d. Recall: Your canine comes when referred to as, sits straight in entrance of you, and strikes to your left facet on command.[edit]

For this motion, the command is both “entrance” or “come.” To coach a canine to return when referred to as, get a deal with, and get the canine’s consideration. Inform her “come” or “entrance,” even perhaps utilizing her identify: “Come, Penny!” When she comes, give her the deal with. When the canine appears to “get” this, have her sit in your left earlier than giving her the deal with. You are able to do this by getting her to comply with her nostril for the deal with – simply transfer it round till she is subsequent to you, then transfer the deal with over her head as when educating “sit”. Don’t reward the canine or give her the deal with till she sits, however then give her the deal with, and pour on the reward. Follow till she will be able to do that simply.

Don’t use this command anytime you want to confine the canine or to scold her. In case your canine is misbehaving and also you inform her to return – and then you definately punish her – she will likely be very confused. In her doggy thoughts, she is going to affiliate the command with the punishment, as in “Uh oh! I am in hassle! I might higher get outta right here!” That is precisely the alternative of what you need.

If the canine is misbehaving, it’s OK to inform her to return, however then you should not punish her.

e. Lengthy sit and lengthy down: Your canine stays in both place whilst you attend to different enterprise.[edit]

Sit is without doubt one of the first (and best) instructions to show a canine. Maintain a deal with in your hand and get your canine’s consideration. Maintain the deal with in order that she will be able to see it and scent it, however not take it. With the canine positioned in entrance of you, give the command to sit down. Then transfer the deal with over the canine’s head (over the ears). If the canine doesn’t sit (which is the pure response), transfer the deal with farther again. When she does sit, say OK! instantly give her the deal with, and heap loads of reward on her. Follow till the canine is aware of to sit down whenever you say sit. The subsequent step is to command the canine to sit down, after which – as a substitute of giver her the deal with, place it on the ground out of her attain. If she will get up from the sit place, pop the leash and provides a agency (however not indignant) No and take away the deal with. Don’t let her take the deal with till you say OK! which is the discharge command. Don’t make her watch for greater than 5 seconds at first, however then apply with longer and longer delays.

Down begins out similar to sit. Give the command down and maintain the deal with over her head till she sits. Then transfer the deal with between her entrance paws. Maintain pushing it beneath her chest till she lays down. Then launch (say OK!) and giver her the deal with. Once more, apply till she has this down. Then as a substitute of giving her the deal with, place it out of her attain, as you probably did with sit. Don’t enable her to get the deal with till you give the discharge.

* If in any respect attainable, canines and handlers ought to get directions from a certified trainer, ideally in a category. A certificates of completion of coaching in any canine obedience class with a qualifying rating of 170 out of the attainable 200 will likely be accepted for this honor.[edit]


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