Acacia concinna – Wikipedia

Acacia concinna - Wikipedia

Species of plant

Acacia concinna , often known as Shikakai, is a climbing shrub native to Asia, widespread within the heat plains of central and south India.[2] The tree is meals for the larvae of the butterfly Pantoporia hordonia.[3]Alkaloids are discovered within the tree’s fruit.[4] The species is invasive in New Caledonia.[5]


Pre Harappan degree of Banawali (2750-2500 BC), Haryana have revealed traces of shikakai together with cleaning soap nuts and Amla (Indian Gooseberry), exhibiting historical roots of South Asian hygiene.[6]


Acacia concinna has been used historically for hair care within the Indian Subcontinent since historical instances. It is likely one of the Ayurvedic medicinal vegetation. It’s historically used as a shampoo [7] and it is usually added in artificial Ayurvedic shampoos. It’s broadly referred to as Shikakai. So as to put together it the fruit pods, leaves and bark of the plant are dried, floor right into a powder, then made right into a paste. Whereas this conventional shampoo doesn’t produce the traditional quantity of lather {that a} sulfate-containing shampoo would, it’s thought-about an excellent cleanser. It’s delicate, having a naturally low pH, and does not strip hair of pure oils. An infusion of the leaves has been utilized in anti-dandruff preparations.[8]

A. concinna extracts are utilized in pure shampoos or hair powders and the tree is now grown commercially in India and Far East Asia.[9] The plant elements used for the dry powder or the extract are the bark, leaves or pods. The bark comprises excessive ranges of saponins, that are foaming brokers present in a number of different plant species used as shampoos or soaps. Saponin-containing vegetation have a protracted historical past of use as delicate cleansing brokers. Saponins from the plant’s pods have been historically used as a detergent, and in Bengal for poisoning fish; they’re documented to be potent marine toxins.

An infusion of the leaves of A. concinna has additionally been used for remedy of jaundice within the conventional Indian drugs.[10]

Different makes use of[edit]

The leaves have an acidic style and are utilized in chutneys.

Chemical constituents[edit]

In industrial extracts, when the plant is hydrolyzed it yields lupeol, spinasterol, acacic acid, lactone, and the pure sugars glucose, arabinose and rhamnose. It additionally comprises hexacosanol, spinasterone, oxalic acid, tartaric acid, citric acid, succinic acid, ascorbic acid, and the alkaloids calyctomine and nicotine.



  1. ^ Acacia concinna“. Germplasm Sources Data Community (GRIN). Agricultural Analysis Service (ARS), United States Division of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2008-03-13.
  2. ^ a b “Acacia concinna – ILDIS LegumeWeb”. Retrieved 2008-03-13.
  3. ^ “Pantoporia”. Retrieved 2008-03-13.
  4. ^ Archived October 2, 2007, on the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Hequet, Vanessa (2009). Les Espèces Exotiques Envahissantes de Nouvelle Calédonie (PDF) (in French). p. 17.
  6. ^ Bisht (1993). “Paleobotanical and pollen analytical investigations” (PDF). Indian Archaeology a evaluate 1993-1994: 143–144.
  7. ^ “Acacia concinna – Shikakai”. www.flowersofindia.internet. Retrieved Eight September 2018.
  8. ^ “Shikakai for Hair: 16 Advantages and 11 Methods to Use it”. 2017-04-29. Retrieved Eight September 2018.
  9. ^ “Forestry :: Nursery Applied sciences”. Retrieved Eight September 2018.
  10. ^ Tewari D, Mocan A, Parvanov ED, Sah AN, Nabavi SM, Huminiecki L, Ma ZF, Lee YY, Horbańczuk JO, Atanasov AG. Ethnopharmacological Approaches for Remedy of Jaundice: Half I. Entrance Pharmacol. 2017 Aug 15;8:518. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2017.00518.

Exterior hyperlinks[edit]

Media associated to Acacia concinna at Wikimedia Commons

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